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«Gamma-hydroxybutyrate»
CSA Names: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid
GHB
4-Hydroxybutanoic acid
4-Hydroxybutyrate
Sodium oxybate
Sodium oxybutyrate
CSA Location: Schedule I Section (e) Subsection (1) DEA code 2010
Schedule III Section (c) Subsection (6) DEA code 2012
CSA History: 65 FR 13235 added effective 13 Mar 2000
65 FR 13235 added (and renumbered subsequent entries) effective 13 Mar 2000
Names: 4-Hydroxybutanoic acid (IUPAC)
Molecular formula: C4H8O3
Nominal mass: 104
Average mass: 104.1045
Monoisotopic mass: 104.047344
CAS registry number: 591-81-1
ChemSpider: 9984
PubChem: 10413
Wikipedia: gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid
Erowid: GHB
Drugs-Forum: GHB
Bluelight:
Standard InChI: InChI=1S/C4H8O3/c5-3-1-2-4(6)7/h5H,1-3H2,(H,6,7)
Standard InChI key: SJZRECIVHVDYJC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES: OCCCC(=O)O
Tags: USCSA
 
Property Value Remarks
Property Value Remarks
Location Type Remarks
GHB sodium.pdf ATR IR Thermo Nicolet
GHB-K (from methanol).pdf ATR IR Thermo Nicolet
GHB-K (from water).pdf ATR IR Thermo Nicolet
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid MS (NIST).pdf EI MS Used with the permission of NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center Collection (C) 2008 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
gamma hydroxybutryric acid sodium-raman.pdf RAMAN GBI DOFS
Vendor ID URL
Cerilliant G-001 http://www.cerilliant.com/shoponline/Item_Details.aspx?itemno=9e795125-2fc6-4016-8b34-d245107c1f40
Grace Davison (Alltech) 601563 http://www.discoverysciences.com/uploadedFiles/Library/Technical_Literature/Brochures/B505A_Drug_Catalog_LR_04_17_09.pdf
LGC NMIAD812 http://www.lgcstandards.com/epages/LGC.sf/en_GB/?ObjectPath=/Shops/LGC/Products/NMIAD812
Lipomed GHB-538-NA http://www.lipomed.com/index.php?eid=88§ion=mediadir&cmd=detail
Sigma Aldrich H3635 http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/ProductDetail.do?lang=en&N4=H3635|SIGMA&N5=SEARCH_CONCAT_PNO|BRAND_KEY&F=SPECi
Toronto Research Chemicals H833000 http://www.trc-canada.com/detail.php?CatNum=H833000
Title Publication Date Vol. Iss. Page(s) Remarks
The Non-Equilibrium Aqueous Solution Chemistry Of Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid Journal of CLIC 2002-10-00 Vol 12 (4) Law Enforcement Restricted
Identification and Quantitation of γ-Hydroxybutyrate In Illicit Drug Samples Journal of CLIC 2002-01-00 Vol 12 (1) Law Enforcement Restricted
Lithium Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate Journal of CLIC 2002-01-00 Vol 12 (1) Law Enforcement Restricted
Analogs of GHB Part 1: Theoretical Perspective Journal of CLIC 2000-04-00 Vol 10 (2) Law Enforcement Restricted
Analogs of GHB. Part 2: Analytical Perspective Journal of CLIC 2001-01-00 Vol 11 (1) Law Enforcement Restricted
Identification of the Potassium Salt of Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB-K+) Journal of CLIC 1999-01-00 Vol 9 (1) Law Enforcement Restricted
GHB Made Schedule I Controlled Substance By US Federal Government Journal of CLIC 2000-04-00 Vol 10 (2) Law Enforcement Restricted
Analytical Profile of Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB) Journal of CLIC 1993-07-00 Vol 3 (3) Law Enforcement Restricted
Comparative Analysis of Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate and Gamma-Hydroxyvalerate Using GC/MS and HPLC Journal of Forensic Sciences 2007-03-00 Vol 52 (2) Jennifer W. Mercer B.S. et al
Detection of Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid in Various Drink Matrices via AccuTOF-DART Journal of Forensic Sciences 2009-03-00 Vol 54 (2) Mark J. Bennett B.S. et al
GHB Free Acid: I. Solution Formation Studies and Spectroscopic Characterization by 1HNMR and FT-IR Journal of Forensic Sciences 2006-03-00 Vol 51 (2) James V. DeFrancesco Ph.D. et al
GHB Free Acid: II. Isolation and Spectroscopic Characterization for Forensic Analysis Journal of Forensic Sciences 2006-03-00 Vol 51 (2) Mark R. Witkowski Ph.D. et al
Quantitative Analysis of Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate at Endogenous Concentrations in Hair using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry Journal of Forensic Sciences 2010-03-00 Vol 55 (2) Phillip A. Stout M.S. et al
Information Bulletin: GHB Analogs. (GBL, BD, GHV, and GVL Law enforcement restricted publication) Microgram Bulletin 2003-05-00 Vol 36 (5)
New Presumtive Tests for GHB (Law enforcement resticted publication) Microgram Bulletin 2002-01-00 Vol 35 (1) Pamela R. Smith and Joseph S. Bozenka
Forensic Science Update: Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) (Law enforcement restricted publication) Microgram Bulletin 2002-04-00 Vol 35 (4) Hornfeldt, et. al.
Identification of Sodium Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (NaGHB) by Infrared Spectroscopy, Utilizing a 3-Bounce Diamond ATR Element (Law enforcement restricted publication) Microgram Bulletin 2001-01-00 Vol 34 (1) Allen J. Catterton
Identification and Quantitation of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in Illicit Drug Samples (Law enforcement restricted publication) Microgram Bulletin 2001-12-00 Vol 34 (12) David K. Rees et. al.
EXTRACTION OF GHB FOR FTIR ANALYSIS AND A NEW COLOR TEST FOR GAMMA-BUTYROLACTONE (GBL) (Law enforcement resticted publication) Microgram Bulletin 1999-08-00 Vol 32 (8) Jeremiah A. Morris
GHB Color Test (Law enforcement restricted publication) Microgram Bulletin 1997-06-00 Vol 30 (6) David J. Koppenhaver
Identification of the date-rape drug GHB and its precursor GBL by Raman spectroscopy Drug Testing and Analysis 2009-11-01 Vol 1 (1) Victoria. L. Brewster, Howell G. M. Edwards, Michael D. Hargreaves and Tasnim Munshi
Synthesis, characterisation and detection of gamma-hydroxybutyrate salts For. Sci. Int. 2012-03-10 Vol 216 Trevor J. Ferris, Michael J. Went
The presence of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) in alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages For. Sci. Int. 2005-07-16 Vol 151 Simon Elliott, Victoria Burgess
Database ID URL
Clarke's Analysis of Drugs and Poisons 3rd Edition Pg 1072
Mass Spectra of Designer Drugs 2010
SWGDRUG Monographs GHB Monograph http://www.swgdrug.org/Monographs/GAMMA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE.pdf
SWGDRUG Mass Spectral Library Converts to GBL on MS
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