Structural, chemical and analytical data on controlled substances. The single reference site for forensic drug chemists. Click to login as forendex superuser Southern Association of Forensic Scientitsts
Search for a substance: Help
CSA Names: 4-FMC
CSA Location: Schedule I Section (d) Subsection (64) DEA code 1238
Schedule I Section (h) Subsection (17) DEA code 1238
CSA History: 79 FR 4429 proposed to add (for two years) via the emergency scheduling provision of 21 USC 811(h) on 28 Jan 2014
81 FR 11479 proposed to add on 4 Mar 2016
79 FR 12938 added (for two years) via the emergency scheduling provision of 21 USC 811(h) effective 7 Mar 2014
80 FR 14842 renumbered effective 20 Mar 2015
Names: Flephedrone (primary)
4-Fluoromethcathinone (secondary)
1-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)propan-1-one (IUPAC)
Molecular formula: C10H12FNO
Nominal mass: 181
Average mass: 181.2068
Monoisotopic mass: 181.090292
CAS registry number: 7589-35-7
ChemSpider: 21477355
PubChem: 49853406
Wikipedia: 4-Fluoromethcathinone
Erowid: 4-Fluoromethcathinone (4-FMC)
Drugs-Forum: Flephedrone
Standard InChI: InChI=1S/C10H12FNO/c1-7(12-2)10(13)8-3-5-9(11)6-4-8/h3-7,12H,1-2H3
SMILES: CNC(C(=O)c1ccc(cc1)F)C
Tags: cathinone,USCSA
Property Value Remarks
Property Value Remarks
Location Type Remarks
4-Fluoromethcathinone (Flephedrone) HCl ATR IR.pdf ATR IR Thermo Nicolet
4-Fluoromethcathinone (4-FMC).pdf EI MS 4-FMC
3-Fluoromethcathinone (3-FMC).pdf EI MS 3-FMC
2-Fluoromethcathinone (2-FMC).pdf EI MS 2-FMC
11231-0434486-GCMS.pdf EI MS 4-FEC
10859-0428646-GCMS.pdf EI MS Agilent 5973 MSD
10730-0432765-GCMS.pdf EI MS 3-FMC
flephedrone msd.pdf EI MS Agilent MSD
4-FMC GCMS Cayman.pdf MS Cayman Spectral Library
Flephedrone edit.pdf SP-GC-IR DiscovIR
Vendor ID URL
Cayman Chemical 10730 (3-FMC)
Cayman Chemical 9001135 (2-FMC)
Cayman Chemical 10859
Cerilliant F-015
Lipomed FMC-1291-HC§ion=mediadir&cmd=detail
Title Publication Date Vol. Iss. Page(s) Remarks
Consideration of the Cathinones 2010-03-00 Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Screening of seized emerging drugs by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array ultraviolet and mass spectrometric detection. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.01.018 For. Sci. Int. 2014-04-01 Vol 237 L. Li and I. S. Lurie
Analysis and characterization of the novel psychoactive drug Forensic Science International 2014-11-01 Vol 244 (e56-e59) Magdalena Taschwer et al
Forensic Analysis of Cathinones Forensic Science Review 2013-01-01 Vol 25 (48-64) L. Gautam, A. Shanmuganathan, M. D. Cole
Direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) of “bath salt” cathinone drug mixtures Analyst 2013-01-01 Vol 138 (3424-3432) Ashton D. Lesiak et al
Cathinone derivatives: A review of their chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology Drug Testing and Analysis 2011-01-01 Vol 3 (439-453) John P. Kelly et al
Analyses of Second-Generation Drug Testing and Analysis 2010-00-00 Vol 2 Brandt et al.
Analysis of NRG ‘legal highs’ in the UK: identification and formation of novel cathinones Drug Testing and Analysis 2010-00-00 Vol 2 Brandt et al.
Fluoromethcathinone, a new substance of abuse. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.11.013 For. Sci. Int. 2009-03-10 Vol 185 R.P Archer
Ring positional differentiation of isomeric N-alkylated fluorocathinones by gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.08.011 For. Sci. Int. 2012-11-01 Vol 223 Folker Westphal and Thomas Junge
Discrimination of cathinone regioisomers, sold as ‘legal highs’, by Raman spectroscopy. DOI:10.1002/dta.1518 Drug Testing and Analysis 2014-08-01 Vol 6 (7-8) R. Christie, E. Horan, J. Fox, C. O'Donnell, H. J. Byrne, S. McDermott, J. Power and P. Kavanagh
Identification and differentiation of methcathinone analogs by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry Drug Testing and Analysis 2013-08-01 Vol 5 (8) Kenji Tsujikawa, Toshiyasu Mikuma, Kenji Kuwayama, Hajime Miyaguchi, Tatsuyuki Kanamori, Yuko T. Iwata and Hiroyuki Inoue
Identification of ten new designer drugs by GC-MS, UPLC-QTOF-MS, and NMR as part of a police investigation of a Danish Internet company Drug Testing and Analysis 2012-05-01 Vol 4 (5) Lotte A. Reitzel, Petur W. Dalsgaard, Irene B. Müller and Claus Cornett
Analytical profiles of “legal highs” containing cathinones available in the area of Lisbon, Portugal For. Sci. Int. 2014-11-01 Vol 244 Victor M.R. Zancajo, J. Brito, Marta P. Carrasco, M.R. Bronze, Rui Moreira, Alvaro Lopes
The analytical investigation of synthetic street drugs containing cathinone analogs For. Sci. Int. 2014-01-01 Vol 234 Amanda M. Leffler, Philip B. Smith, Adriana de Armas, Frank L. Dorman
Database ID URL
SWGDRUG Monographs 4-Fluoromethcathinone Monograph
SWGDRUG Monographs 2-Fluoromethcathinone Monograph
SWGDRUG Monographs 3-Fluoromethcathinone Monograph
Society of Forensic Toxicologists Designer Drug Monographs Flephedrone Monograph
Cayman Spectral Database
Substance name
Substance name
Please send us your comments, questions or suggestions · Collaborate with colleagues at Forendex Forum
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Updated 3 March 2017